This is How Vaccine Injuries to African Children Are Covered Up

After children were paralyzed by a meningitis vaccine, the vaccine manufacturer changed information about the vaccine on their website.

After children were paralyzed by a meningitis vaccine, the vaccine manufacturer changed information about how the vaccine is supposed to be handled on their website.

Millions of children across Africa have been included in meningitis vaccine trials, many without parental consent. VacTruth recently revealed this information, resulting in many agencies desperately trying to cover up this travesty and the sacking of two leading heads of state.

Shortly after VacTruth published the first of three articles covering the MenAfriVac vaccine tragedy in which dozens of children were paralyzed, in Gouro, Chad, in northern Africa, the prime minister of Chad, Emmanuel Nadingar, was relieved of his duties and replaced by the former chief of cabinet, Djimrangar Dadnadji. According to an excellent article by the human rights organization Ecoterra International, this abrupt change in leadership was ordered by Chad’s president Idris Déby, a patron of the anti-meningitis campaign. [1]


On January 13, 2013, VacTruth published the second of the three articles. By this time, Chadian authorities had reported that a total of 38 children who were suffering from adverse reactions to the vaccine had been evacuated to hospitals in N’Djamena, Chad’s capital. [2]

A few weeks later, VacTruth was informed that the health minister of Chad, Mamouth Nahor N’Gawara, had also been relieved of his duties and replaced by Dr. Mahamat Ahmat Djidda. [3]

So, why the sudden changes in leadership? It may have had something to do with the fact that VacTruth had reported the conflicting views from involved organizations on whether or not the MenAfriVac vaccine could be used outside of the usual controlled temperature chain (CTC) of 2 – 8 °C.

The organizations involved with the promotion of the vaccine had stated that MenAfriVac was a vaccine specifically designed to meet the needs of Africa’s meningitis belt, which stretches across sub-Saharan Africa. These organizations stated that the vaccine could be kept in a controlled temperature chain (CTC) at temperatures of up to 40°C for up to four days without the need for ice packs or refrigeration.

The organizations involved in the promotion of this information were the CDC, FDA, BMGF, PATH, MVP, WHO and UNICEF. (For meanings of these acronyms, please refer to key at the end of this article.)


Of course this information would have been fantastic news for Africa, except for one vital point: at the time we published our articles, Serum Institute of India, the manufacturer of the vaccine, was promoting conflicting information. They had stated on their website:

“MenAfriVac should be stored and transported between 2-8ºC. Protect from light. The diluent should be stored at 25°C. It is recommended to protect the reconstituted vaccine from direct sunlight. Do not exceed the expiry date stated on the external packaging.

Here is a snapshot of the original page.

An archived snapshot of the vaccine manufacturer’s website show they changed information about the storage of the vaccine shortly after the children became paralyzed.

However, when this information was checked for verification last week, the recommendations for vaccine storage had mysteriously changed to the following statements:

“MenAfriVac should be stored and transported between 2-8ºC. Protect from light. The diluent should be stored at 25°C. It is recommended to protect the reconstituted vaccine from direct sunlight. Do not exceed the expiry date stated on the external packaging. Immediately prior to reconstitution the vaccine is stable and can be used when exposed up to 40ºC for period of 4 days provided the vaccine has not reached its expiry date and the vaccine vial monitor has not reached the discard point.” [4]

Why was this information suddenly changed, after the vaccine had already been stored and administered according to the previous guidelines? Was it because we reported that dozens of children were paralyzed and suffering other adverse reactions after receiving MenAfriVac? Was it because we reported that this vaccine was administered to third-world children before it was licensed?

In October 2012, WHO had stated:

“The session began with an introduction by Mr. Michel Zaffran, who highlighted the groundbreaking progress made with MenAfriVac®, which will be the first EPI vaccine licensed for use in a controlled temperature chain (CTC).

… This is the final review of the document by IPAC prior to the planned field testing during the MenAfriVac® campaign in Benin in November 2012, where one district will use the vaccine in a CTC. After the field testing has been conducted, the revised final guidance document will come back to IPAC for endorsement in 2013.” [5]

The reasons why the manufacturer suddenly changed their recommendations for storage and transport remain a mystery. However, this new controversy still does not take away the fact that MenAfriVac was not licensed to travel in a CTC of temperatures of up to 40°C at the time the children of Gouro were vaccinated.


What exactly is a controlled temperature chain? If these vaccines do not need refrigeration or ice packs for up to four days, how does the word “controlled” come into the process? Surely, without ice packs or refrigeration, there is no controlled temperature chain.

MenAfriVac is an inactivated vaccine (a vaccine which does not use a live virus). Previously, according to the CDC guidelines for vaccine temperature and storage, inactivated vaccines needed refrigerator storage at temperatures between 35°F and 46°F (2°C to 8°C), with a desired average temperature of 40°F (5°C). (Note, that is 40°F not 40°C.) [6]

So, what makes the MenAfriVac vaccine so different from other vaccines, that it does not require refrigeration for up to four days?

Another important point to consider is the fact that temperatures across Africa can exceed 40°C. According to the website Weather Spark, the average weather for N’Djamena, Chad varies between 15°C and 41°C. Their temperatures are rarely below 12°C or above 44°C. This means that outdoor temperatures can reach 44°C in a typical year. [7] In fact, in June 2010, temperatures in Chad reached an all-time high of 47.6°C. [8]


This information leads me to ask the following questions:

If the outdoor temperatures can reach 44°C in a typical year and the MenAfriVac vaccine is traveling inside a vehicle which may not have air-conditioning, in a container without ice packs or refrigeration, then how do the vaccinators know the true temperature the vaccine has reached at any given time?

If the truck carrying the vaccines is traveling across Africa at the time that the outdoor temperatures rise above 40°C, does the team return to base and scrap that particular batch of vaccines?

Can both the vaccine and the diluents be kept at the same temperature?

I ask the third question because it is usual for the vaccine and the diluents to be kept at different temperatures in accordance with recommendations from the manufacturer and the CDC.


Another interesting point to consider is this: at the time the MenAfriVac vaccine was being administered to the children in Gouro, it was being tested to see whether or not it was safe to be administered to children in temperatures of up to 40°C. Therefore, it is odd that the vaccinators chose to vaccinate the children at the time of year when temperatures are usually below 30°C.

The children of Gouro were not the only children being used in clinical trials for the MenAfriVac vaccine. Babies between the ages of 14 –18 weeks were also being used for clinical trials in Ghana.

According to the Meningitis Vaccine Project (MVP), a MenAfriVac phase 2 clinical trial was carried out in Ghana, testing the vaccine for use in the under-one age group. The trial was carried out over a four-year period from November 2008 to November 2012 at the Navrongo Health Research Center, Navrongo, Ghana. A total of 1,200 infants took part in the trial, aged between 14 to 18 weeks on enrollment. MVP stated:

“Study results: Preliminary results show that the vaccine is safe and highly immunogenic. Final results will be presented in a forthcoming scientific publication.” [9]

The MVP News Digest reported the following:

“Research to document an indication for MenAfriVac™ use in infancy (in under 1-year-olds) is progressing well and according to schedule. A database lock for PsA-TT-004 was completed on December 21. PsA-TT-004 is a Phase 2 study that evaluates the safety and immunogenicity of different dosages and schedules of the MenA conjugate vaccine in 1,200 healthy infants when administered concomitantly with EPI vaccines. The study is conducted at the Navrongo Health Research Centre in Ghana and is scheduled for completion in early 2013.” [10]

On February 4, 2013, Spy News Ghana stated that the research findings show that MenAfriVac is safe and can be given to children under one year old, providing long-term protection from Group-A meningococcal meningitis in this age group. [11]


Today, the latest news from Gouro is that 40 children remain paralyzed in hospitals in both Chad and Tunisia, and a further 56 remain ill in the village of Gouro. However, news from Ecoterra International on February 9, 2013, said that the new heath minister wants to send them back home to their ill-equipped village. [12]

Until our intervention, there had been no publicity about the serious vaccine injuries in Chad. However, since our articles were published, there has been a flurry of worldwide media attention, including an extremely biased report in the Guardian UK telling the world that MenAfriVac is a wonderful vaccine. Mind you, to be fair, as you will see from the article, The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, a well-known supporter of vaccination initiatives, funded this section of the Guardian. [13]

The whole debacle is one coverup after another. The Chadian government has not asked any independent experts to evaluate the safety and efficacy of the MenAfriVac campaign, stirring up anger among the citizens of Chad. They have been left to cope with extremely sick children, many of whom are still reported to be paralyzed and suffering from severe convulsions. The children need appropriate medical care and their parents deserve answers.
[contentbox headline=”Key” type=”normal”] CDC – Centers for Disease Control
FDA – Food and Drug Administration
BMGF – The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
PATH – Program for Appropriate Technology in Health
MVP – Meningitis Vaccine Project
WHO – World Health Organization
UNICEF – United Nations International Children’s Emergency Funding


[contentbox headline=”References” type=”normal”] 1.  http://www.tolerance.ca/Article.aspx?ID=157421&L=en
2.  http://www.sante-tchad.org/Renforcer-les-ressources-humaines-en…
3.  http://vactruth.com/2013/01/13/children-paralyzed-by-vaccine/
4.  http://www.seruminstitute.com/content/products/product_menafrivac.htm
5.  http://www.who.int/immunization_delivery/systems_policy/IPAC_2012_October_report.pdf
6.  http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/pubs/pinkbook/vac-storage.html#temperatures
7.  http://weatherspark.com/averages/29142/N-Djamena-Chari-Baguirmi-Chad
8.  http://www.treehugger.com/clean-technology/9-countries-have-recorded…
9.  http://www.meningvax.org/clinical-004.php
10. http://www.meningvax.org/files/MVPnewsdigest_2010_Q4_27_EN.pdf
11. http://www.spyghana.com/research-shows-that-new-meningitis-vaccine-is-safe-for-children/
12. http://www.groundreport.com/World/Do-to-them-what-they-are-doing-to-you/2951229
13. http://www.guardian.co.uk/global-development/2013/feb/04/aid-vaccines…

Photo Credit

Christina England, BA Hons

  • VaccineRisks

    Thank you Christina for your excellent investigative journalism and for widely spreading awareness about these scandals and unfathomable tragedies.
    The material you have gathered and are publicising is surely enough for a book and a film!

    This article (which you have also drawn attention to several times) deserves to be noted in connection with your work:
    It is cumbersome to find the comment section: roll, roll down. Please, all who can and will, post comments there.
    Here is mine which is posted there. Please note that I have included some information and questions there concerning vaccines’ storage temperature:

    “Thank you for this excellent and most thought provoking article. The picture painted about the MenAfriVac vaccine is a dark one, but in reality it is probably even worse. It is stated in the article: “The vaccine per-se might have been a success while it was rolled out earlier in the classical way”, but it is extremely dubious whether this vaccine has ever been a success earlier -or any vaccine for that matter.

    The main advances in fighting disease over many decades have been due to stronger immune systems which in turn have been accomplished by access to clean water, good nutrition and improved living conditions.

    In fact it is unethical to vaccinate millions of people in developing countries. Many suffer from one or more diseases. Vaccinating may make them even more ill.
    “If we look at the science of the vaccination process itself, it’s becoming evident
    that the way they do the immunizations — actually suppresses a lot of the
    immune system, particularly in young children” (Dr. Blaylock MD, neurosurgeon).

    Regarding that the MenAfriVac vaccine was stored at a high temperature:
    An adequate storage temperature for vaccines is imperative. They should with few exceptions be stored continually between +2 and +8 degrees Centigrade. When
    vaccines are stored at higher temperatures for any amount of time the ingredients may interact, decompose, form aggregates and/or precipitate. Microbial growth may take place. The vaccines may become exceedingly detrimental to health.

    We understand that evidence of the heat stability of MenAfriVac® was validated by a team of experts from WHO, PATH, SIIL, and Health Canada.
    These questions then arise:
    Did the experts only look at the vaccine’s heat stability? Did the experts not look for adverse effects on the recipients of the vaccine after it had been stored at high temperature?

    One more worrying issue:
    The vaccine contains the unusual, extremely toxic combination of mercury and
    aluminium. It is shocking that this formulation has been approved, due to the fact that the two metals exhibit synergistic toxicity: Aluminium increases toxicity of mercury up to 100 percent.

    Hundreds are still suffering after a meningitis vaccine experiment in Norway in the 90’s. This vaccine also contained both mercury and aluminium.

    Many requests have been made to health authorities and GAVI asking that the
    synergistic toxicity be thoroughly investigated but no satisfactory answers have been

    The MenAfriVac vaccine should be immediately withdrawn, irrespective of temperature conditions.

  • ozspeaksup

    sounds an awful lot like either the vax was degrading in heat,
    the vax wasnt fully inactivated and what the kids got WAS the meningitis theyre were supposedly “saved from”

    who in the govt there is getting the payola from the pharmas??
    theres a deal been done, bet on it.
    funny how gates affiliated vax enforcers also got into korea and asian areas last yr and the Hand foot n mouth outbreak occured soon after?

  • Jody

    I would like you to take time to contact the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, well meaning in helping the world, gave funding to aide in vaccines around the world. We need to make the truth known to this my church. I love what you are doing. Thank you for this coverage! Sickens my heart evil and conspiring men abound.

  • renate ([email protected])

    Is there anything I can do to help those poor paralyzed and sick babies? I feel so sorry for them… Thanks in advance

  • Pharma and their continued and wicked for profit vaccine science experiments


    Failure Of The Continued Polio Vaccine Campaign


    Older people will remember that in the 70’s everyone started wondering, why is there increasingly more and more people with cancer. It became that it was noticeably, everywhere? That has continued, to date. No one had a clue that it, the cancer was derived from monkeys, and they had all been seeded with SV-40 when they took the so believed in, polio vaccine.

    Scientific proof that the known cancer causing SV40 virus, a previous contaminant in the polio vaccine, is obviously either contagious; or the virus is still in the vaccine/s.


  • Great info, Tina. It’s very obvious something went very wrong and now these organizations are in damage-control mode.

  • Excellent article! The truth will out!!!!!

  • Costa Rica

    Government reshuffles are a frequent occurrence in the landlocked African desert nation run with an iron fist by Deby, and premiers rarely last more than two or three years. Do you have any proof that this was in relation to ANYTHING to do with vaccination? No, you don’t, except supposition which is not proof. But I’m flexible, give me one (yes only asking for one) piece of proof. Bet you can’t.

  • Jeff C

    Is there any more info on the condition of the children other than paralysis? Details could help explain what caused the adverse reaction.

    MenAfriVac is a polysaccharide conjugate vaccine. In this vaccine, a long sugar chain from the Meningitis type A bacteria outer membrane is bonded to an immunogenic protein. This helps stimulate an immune response as the polysaccharide itself is a poor immunogen in children. The protein used in the vaccine is detoxified tetanus toxin.

    Tetanus toxin is detoxified with formaldehyde via cross-linking. Formaldehyde promotes secondary bonds primarily between lysine residues along the long amino acid chain. This renders the toxin inert. It’s the same method used for pertussis and many other bacterial toxins and is known as chemical inactivation. It’s much cheaper than genetic inactivation, where key amino acids along the chain are replaced.

    Unlike genetic inactivation, chemical inactivation can revert to toxicity if the cross-linking breaks down. The bonds can naturally decay over very long time periods, but this process can be accelerated by heat. How much heat and how long required are good questions, there is not a lot of published data to be specific. However, reversion to toxicity is a known problem with all detoxified bacterial toxins. I would bet that in part at least, the 2 to 8 deg C storage requirements are to protect against the phenomena.

    Which brings us back to the children’s symptoms. The general term “paralysis” could actually be a loose description of tetanus. One would expect tetanus symptoms if the children where suffering the effects of tetanus toxin that had fully or partially reverted to toxicity.

  • ricci1003

    Vaccines – The Risks, The Benefits, The Choices by Dr Sherri Tenpenny (part 1 of 3)

  • correlation does not imply cau

    You are the Boko Haram of public health. Our rejection of evidence-based medicine and the scientific process is shocking and highlights heavy biases (just read the author’s bio to show that there is no interest in using a null hypothesis approach). Please consider the consequences your misinformation is causing. Shame on you. Remember this simple phrase – correlation does not imply causation

  • Argus

    “Boko Haram” – good one!
    What Christina has written in her three articles about this is so undocumented that one has to conclude that it was either fabricated or she is wllingly being duped.
    So not only does correlation not equal causation, there isn’t even any demonstrated correlation in this story to begin with!

  • Argus

    “Bet you can’t”
    And she hasn’t.
    A frequent problem with Christina’s articles is that she cannot produce verfiable sources for what she is “reporting”.

  • correlation does not imply cau

    Sorry but I live and work in the meningitis belt and I have participated in several vaccination efforts. Severe adverse reaction monitoring is a key component to any successful intervention and this one was investigated by WHO and the MOH. To say it has not been documented is untrue perhaps it did not make it into the information sources you read but it has been well documented. Why don’t you come and work here in providing health care before spouting off nonsense that vaccines are horribly dangerous – see the alternative now that is truly horrible. Boko haram is a great example of another group who is willfully ill-informed and thanks to this the numbers for polio cases have increased. Learn some real medicine and read up on sociogenic and psychogenic illness and be helpful.

  • It’s always easier to blame the victim, isn’t it?

  • Correlation etc

    No it is better to use evidence based medicine.

  • Argus

    If you are replying to me, I think you misunderstand.
    Something happened, and it was investigated, I accept that.
    But Christina’s claims about the cause being the meningitis vaccine and vast conspiracy are what is undocumented.
    Further, I am aware that meningitis is a serious problem in this part of the world, and have stated that in other postings. The vaccine has saved many lives. a point the authors and many commentators here will refuse to acknowledge. Instead, they want to focus on situations where vaccines do not work perfectly (some examples real, others just made up) and pretend that is how it always is.